Anti-nationalist liberal type

The parties and documents falling into this group significantly differ from the previous group by their commitment to the individual rather than the collective. There is no collective identity without individuals who shape it. Nations or other communities are not spiritual entities which bear some moral value. Anti-nationalist-liberal manifestos stressed that only individuals are the subjects and objects of moral acts. Understanding of identities and their construction is a crucial element that distinguishes anti-nationalist election documents from the other types of manifestos. All of the documents of this last type at least briefly explain their view on the emergence of identities, their role in the life of an individual as well as in the life of the state.

The fact that identities are not something that a citizen is born with gives less credit to the ideologies and attitudes which mount the national identity in the center of their political program. If the nation is not a moral value itself, issues concerning the cultural policies, education, migration and even foreign affairs become less emotional and categorical. This leaves enough space for policies that aim at mutual understanding and protection of minorities that are no longer considered to be a potential threat to the nation. Consequently, there were no more national interests in the sense of the interests of the cultural and spiritual community but rather state interests, defined by the state's responsibility for all of its citizens.