Liberal-nationalist type

The notion of nation was important in the manifestos of both PO and PSL. They often referred to Polish identity which was shaped by Christian values. However, we can clearly distinguish the liberal-nationalist from conservative-nationalist understanding of these terms. For the latter, the nation and its characteristics are of a transcendental and crucial value and this value has to be protected and conserved. On the other hand, the former approach considers the nation to be a community of people who share a common language, history, culture and, to a certain extent, also values. The nation is a dynamic organism which was put together by history and shaped by similar life experience.  There is no divine plan or any ideal picture of the Polish nation.

With this in mind we also have to point out that the liberal-nationalist manifestos praised patriotism as a very important value which should be present in society. In contrast with the previous types, however, they did not suggest a use of public resources or even of the educational system to strengthen national pride and patriotism among children. Also patriotism was not the basis for an overly assertive foreign policy. Patriotism did not mean that there could not be friendly and cooperative relations with neighbouring states. However, unlike the parties of the liberal type, the liberal-nationalist parties stressed the need for the respectful and equal treatment of Poland by its foreign partners. The EU was important for Poland especially because Poland profited from its EU membership and approval of any further integration depended on whether it would be advantageous for Poland or not. This is not to say that liberal-nationalist parties were not pro-European in general terms, but that the degree of integration of the European club should be a question for pragmatic consideration not of ideological directive.