According to MIÉP, nations are objectively existing entities that, in the international arena, are represented by nation states.
The approach of the greater nation group is mostly visible in the way all four manifestos justified the policies they proposed.
The notion of the national community, with its shared spirit and values, appealed to the paternalistic documents.
The parties and documents falling into this group significantly differ from the previous group by their commitment to the individual rather than the collective.
The following analysis covers three case studies relevant for the time period of the years 2005 – 2013 in the CEE region, namely the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia.