Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People´s Party ( Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová, KDU-ČSL)

KDU-ČSL originally represented Christianity and Christian and traditional conservative values as stated above, but since 1990s it has profiled itself as a non-confessional party for all people even if most of the members are still connected to the Church.

In 2009 one of the former leaders of the party, Miroslav Kalousek, split from the party and founded the more conservative and right wing values based party TOP 09, which drained substantial numbers of members from KDU-ČSL. In the subsequent 2010 general election,TOP 09 won 16.7% of the vote and KDU-ČSL received only  4.29%, thus failing to reach even the threshold of 5% required  to enter the Lower house of the Czech parliament.

Election gains
  2006 2009 2010 2013 2014
Votes 7.22 % 7.64 % 4.39 % 6.78 % 9.95%
Seats 13 2 0 14 3

Source: volby.cz

Election manifesto 2006, 2010*

The central parts of the manifesto are conservative values as well as support of (traditional) families and family life, morality which is based in Christian values, individuality and responsibility. Moreover, human and civic rights are at the heart of the manifesto and the party's politics, with an emphasis on the inclusion of individual property rights. The multiculturalism of KDU-ČSL is portrayed particularly through the integration of minorities as well as the cultural preservation of them within the Czech Republic. According KDU-ČSL EU does not threat towards sovereignty of the country. Within the manifesto is specialized one subchapter toward EU under the Foreign policy agenda but also in other parts of the manifesto are recalled European revocations, e.g. it is stated that European and Czech politics is going to be more interconnected and interdependent. Transfer of EU legislation into the Czech Republic legislation should be undertaken to Czech Reality and context, however, European legislation should be integral part of it.

KDU-ČSL promotes of multilateralism and compliance with obligation toward international community, especially NATO. Active involvement in NATO is one of the basics of international security of the country. All the same a strong commitment for European integration and the EU is retained. As is also pointed out, the EU was founded on the bases of Christian-democratic values and politics, and KDU-ČSL wants to continue this trend. This is illustrated also by the requirement for fixing the date for accepting the Euro as Czech currency as well as strengthening cooperation on pan-European issues such as organized crime, consumer protection, the introduction of a common asylum policy to combat illegal immigration, cooperating against climate change, energy security and dependency on Russia, and coordinated EU external policy and actions or reform of global institutions and global markets. According to the manifesto, it is enough for Turkey to be partners in NATO, in the economic area, but full EU membership for Turkey may endanger European identity.

During period 2006 - 2010 KDU-ČSL has developed from the homogenization type to the European type with less emphasis on national identity issues. Surprisingly, both conservative parties (TOP 09 and KDU-ČSL) occupy a very similar type of position.

Election manifesto 2013

During the election campaign KDU spoke several times for better social integration of the Roma minority. Nevertheless, the issue of national minorities is partly mentioned and asylum should be given to those who have asylum seekers status. Due to the fact, that the quality foodstuffs in the Czech Republic were a publicly discussed issue, it is not surprising that KDU emphasized it as well. On the other hand, KDU calls for self-sufficiency in food.  In the field of culture, the party affirmed critical role of culture within society. In this respect the folk culture is understood as a tool for regional/local identification. It is not surprising that the party’s emphasises Christianity and the role of ethics in society. However, the KDU promotes dialogue with Islam.

KDU supports deeper EU integration and Czech participation in it; the party supports joining the Eurozone, further liberalization of the common market, and enlargement of the EU. However, Turkey should be offered a special privileged partnership instead of full membership. The similarities in the European policy with the German centre-right CDU are evident.  Although the party does not emphasize the Czech national interest directly, the party speaks for greater influence of the Czech Republic in EU institutions. In the field of foreign policy, KDU speaks for cooperation with traditional partners: USA and Israel

*Please note the manifesto shift from homogenized (2006) to European (2010)