Communist party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy, KSČM)

Since the regime changed to democracy there has been an unwritten agreement between other political parties in the Czech Republic about excluding KSČM from high level policy-decision processes; however in the real political life there are many contacts and KSČM has already become a legitimate part of the political system in the Czech Republic. Moreover, in the last decade Social democratic party in particular has relied on silent support from KSČM on some decisions against right wing political solutions or to support some leftist decisions which could not get support from other mostly centrist or right parliamentary parties.

Some more radical or more reformist wings left the party after the revolution and throughout the 1990s. Nonetheless, the program of the party is based on the Marxist tradition and communist ideology as such. KSČM tries to get escape from the label and the historical legacy of communism in Czechoslovakia, particularly the totalitarian practices connected with Stalinism and Brezhnevism, and presents itself as a party representing democracy and the interests of regular citizens striving for social change toward socialism in a democratic way. According to the political declaration of the IV congress of KSČM in 1995, socialism is incompatible with any social, national, religious or any other oppression or the violation of human rights

Election gains
  2006 2009 2010 2013 2014
Votes 12.81 % 14.18 % 11.27 % 14.91 10.98%
Seats 26 4 26 33 3

source: volby.cz

Election manifesto 2006, 2010

Sovereignty is also connected to patriotism, national traditions, support for the mother tongue (meaning Czech), national heritage and the fostering of legitimate national pride, but still – in line with its internationalist values – advocating for a friendly approach and openness towards other nations and ethnic groups. One specific connection is towards the army, which should defend only the interests of the Czech Republic and Czech youth should be educated for national self-defence. KSČM's anti-militaristic doctrine prohibits support for NATO and military operations within NATO and outside the Czech Republic. At the same time the party's internationalism makes it support the Shengen area and Euro-regionalism, which ought to serve the strengthening of infrastructure in the border regions and enable more contact between people on different sides of the borders. However, KSČM is a euro-sceptic party and has generally denied the economic as well as the political aspects of EU membership. Surprisingly, the party does not mention the Roma minority and its problematic position in the Czech Republic. At the same time the party expresses negatively towards the German Sudetendeutschen Landmanschaft. The anti-capitalistic and slightly anti-globalization accent is evident in refusing of commercialization of the national culture and heritage. In comparison to the European type, the emphasis of KSČM is pointed primarily against the globalized and capitalistic system followed by the need of defending national heritage and culture.

Election manifesto 2013

Even though it is more than 24 years since the Velvet revolution, the party still claims that its goal is socialism. The Communist party supports the state’s participation in companies which are strategic for the economy and for employment as well. The “communistic spirit” is evident in the case of participation on the world market as well. The party blames international concerns for draining money out of the Czech Republic and the party has a similar attitude to the supermarkets. In this case, communists support the food self-sufficiency for the Czech Republic. In this sense, culture is a critical issue, because of its educational role and this extends to the pureness of the Czech language as well.
The party has an interesting foreign policy. On the one hand, KSCM call for common social standards in the EU, but on the other side strictly opposes NATO – the party calls for the Czech Republic to leave NATO and in a wider context, argues NATO should be abolished. However the party emphasizes human rights; opposes undermining state sovereignty and considers that military actions must be realized only under a UN mandate.

Similarly to the role of socialism, the party calls for protecting the Czech interests against Sudeten Germans, and to keep the border line as was agreed at the Potsdam peace conference.