The party was founded in 1988 as an organization of the radical liberal student movement. After 1990 Fidesz underwent a transformation process in order to become more electable. The party dealt in classical liberal cosmopolitical policies. In its early days liberal ideology dominated within the party. The party opposed the new democratic government not only on economic reform grounds but also because of the emphasis on nationalism. In 1993 the party shifted to take on a conservative policy with a soft national focus. Viktor Orbán was elected as the new chairman of the party. After doing badly in the 1994 election (the party gained just 10% of the vote), the party started closely cooperating with conservative formations. This shift embraced the use of typical conservative slogans like Christianity, family or fatherland. In the second half of the 1990s, Fidesz took on the role of the biggest right party, and after the 1998 election constituted a centre-right government. After the 2002 election the party went into opposition role and consequently increased its right liberal accent on economic issues such as lower taxation, the reduced role of the state, predictable economic conditions, and support for small- and medium- sized businesses etc. The nationalist tendencies of the party oscillated between radical and moderate nationalism. The party puts an emphasis on a strong role for the Catholic Church, the defending of language and culture. The European policy of the party is based on more national integration and the deepening of economic integration in favour of the free market. The EU should also more strongly emphasize the Christian values of Europe. In general the party supports European integration as well as the possible entry of Hungary into the Euro zone.
|2006||2009||2010||NAT 2014||EP 2014|
|Votes||42.03 &||56.36 %||52.73 %||44.87 %||51.48 %|
Electoral manifesto 2006
The party defines the Hungarian nation as a unique nation and rises aloft the “Hungarian way of life”. The common Hungarian identity must be based on a shared national “myth” and on emphasizing historical heritage. Budapest should be the capital city for all Hungarians living in Hungary and abroad. The fundamental step for building a common identity is to integrate or rather unify all Hungarians living in the Hungarian hollow – Slovakia, Serbia, Romania and also Hungarians living in foreign countries further afield. All Hungarians must share a common solidarity with the nation and must promote the traditional values of the nation. The country should protect itself against harmful influences. The identity of all individuals is defined by the motherland. The party assigns a high importance to the anchoring of the national culture and national identity in general. An important societal value is also the emphasis on Hungarian families as a basis for national society.The question of national minorities is not easy to evaluate. The most problematic is the situation with the Roma minority. Fidesz labeled the Roma minority as an uncivilized minority. This problematic relationship with the Roma is not negative. The party understands the need for the integration of the minority into the majority society. Generally, the party understands the Roma as a natural part of the Hungarian nationality, and all minorities are also part of the Hungarian identity. In a practical way, Fidesz wants to support the introduction of Roma culture to the majority society. This integration must start with the securing of sustainable social conditions like access to drinking water. Hungarians living abroad should be a natural part of Hungarian foreign policy. The party practically supports the creation of a “network of Hungarian relations”. The party supports European integration, but puts the emphasis more on instrumental integration and less promotion of a supranational approach. A further key aspect of the party's European policy is an accent on the equality of all member states and support for the ongoing enlargement process of the EU, especially in the case of Croatia.
Election manifesto 2010
The fundamental aim of the manifesto is to deal with the deep economic and political crisis. Not long after the 2006 election the socialist prime inister Ferenc Gyurcsány claimed to have deceived the public about the true condition of the Hungarian economy. The deception of Gyurcsány had followed a crisis of public trust in the political system, and thus this was one of the most significant features of the Fidesz manifesto. Fidesz emphasizes the core values of Hungarian society: work, home, family and health. To ensure these fundamental values there is a need to promote a stable and secure societal environment. Security here is not meant in terms of stronger policing but mostly in terms of the societal consensus on the unique role of the Hungarian nation. This concern influences the party's positions in economic issues, and social and foreign affairs. European integration must be based on the cooperation of nation states. The swift transfer of national sovereignty towards supranational institutions is not welcomed. In the case of Fidesz there is a very interesting internal development regarding the role of the state. The liberal support for the free market sits alongside the national identity. The emphasis on a strong nation and on the unique role of Hungary in Europe is a significant feature of the party’s policy. The most important focus of the 2010 manifesto is the call for a strong leading role from the government. After the discrediting of the Socialist party, Fidesz defined itself as the only leader that can ensure security and economic development.