Green Party (Strana Zelených, SZ)

After year 1990 the key individuals of ecologic movements realized in Civil Forum the environmental dimension of the post-revolution policy. The fragmentation of the Civil Forum in years 1990 – 1991 did not lead to founding of any relevant political formation. Most representatives succeeded in to the Civil Forum and a smaller centre-right party, the Democratic Party. The 1990s were for the Green Party the time of a deep lethargy. Their first positive election result was in the 2002 election with 2.4 % of votes

The most important issues were the accent on pacifism (rejection of any foreign military bases in the Czech Republic), more democracy in public sphere and creation of stronger civil democratic society. This goal was defined by Jan Patočka as a “neo-democratisism. The dual leadership of Beránek and Patočka made any further successful development impossible. After low gains in the 2004 election, both Patočka and Beránek resigned. The new party leadership under Marin Bursík positioned the Green Party along a more centre and pragmatic direction. This change became evident in the 2006 election when the party gained 6.3% of the vote along with six representatives in the Lower Chamber. The Greens became a member of the centre-right government together with Christian Democrats and gained 4 ministerial posts. The party promotes pro-European policy – they supported the Lisbon Treaty, continuing of the enlargement process, strengthening of the supranational institutions, and the deeper integration in general. The European defense system (in military terms) could replace the NATO in military affairs. A negative result of this new pragmatic policy soon followed. The issue of the basing of the American radar system on Czech soil saw the beginning of internal party tension. Election failure in 2009 brought about the resignation of the party leader Martin Bursík.

Election gains
  2006 2009 2010 2013 2014
Votes 6.29 % 2.06 % 2.14 % 3.19 % 3.77 %
Seats 6 0 0 0 0

source: volby.cz

Election manifestos 2006, 2010

One of the manifesto features is the evident effort to present the manifesto as strikingly as possible. The green-pragmatic attitude is clear – the party places stronger emphasis on general societal issues, while the core environmental issues are mentioned, but feature less prominently. The main manifesto issues are a focus on human rights, gender equality and the promotion of democratic tools in society. Vitizens should be more involved in decision-making processes at all levels. Thanks to stronger participation, politics will become more transparent and predictable. In the case of human rights, the party generally calls for a stronger emphasis on anti-discrimination in relation to all minorities. This is the case of the Roma minority that has been undermined for a long time. When it comes to immigration policy, the party wants to make the Czech Republic more open to immigrants and to support them when they are settling in the country. The following issue is the need of successful immigrant integration and the principle supporting a multicultural society in the Czech Republic. This is very closely associated with tolerance. Generally, the Greens support the teaching of tolerance that should start in elementary school. Equality for the Green Party essentially concerns gender equality. The party supports the strengthening of women's rights and their bigger representation in politics. The party also supports a special relation with Slovakia. In the border region the party calls for the development of common cooperation programs and encourages making bilingualis, in the region more common. The party acts in the Czech party system as a real party with primarily emphasis in post-national issues.

The parties that belong to the postmodern type are situated in (liberal) centre of the Czech party system. The parties call for conflict resolving by using non-military resources. The Greens simultaneously emphasize the security and military cooperation of the EU.

Election manifesto 2013

The manifesto reflects the anti-Roma riots that took place during summer – de facto during the election campaign. The manifesto stresses the threat of erosion to social unity erosion. Therefore, the discrimination any kind of social group must be removed from political discourse; the goal is to integrate all minorities into one society and to avoid any kind of parallel societies.  Czech society should strengthen its openness and tolerance. A ministry for human rights must be re-established. The party manifesto reflects discussions of migration as well; the issue must be perceived as a social issue, not as a security one. In this context, the party claims that the labour market needs foreigners. 

In European policy, the Greens, contrary to all other analyzed parties, call for deeper political integration and the establishment of a unified military command. Therefore, the single national armies should be integrated into one. The party shows some kind of pacifistic spirit and refuses the presence of any foreign army in the Czech Republic. This is probably a heritage of negotiations over the possibility of a US radar system being established in the Czech Republic. The manifesto belongs to the postmodern category.