Most – Híd (Bridge, Most – Híd)

The official name of the party Most – Híd consists of the Slovak and Hungarian words for bridge. It was formed in 2009 by Béla Bugár and other politicians defecting from the Party of the Hungarian Coalition. Bugár served as a chairman of the SMK – MKP for almost ten years from 1998 to 2007. In 2007 he lost intra-party elections to Pál Csáky who represented the more radical platform of the party. After several conflicts with the party’s new leadership, Bugár left SMK – MKP and together with his followers and some intellectuals of Slovak nationality founded Most – Híd. In contrast to SMK – MKP, this new party was supposed to be a platform of cooperation for all citizens of the Slovak Republic regardless of their nationality. From its beginnings, the party was accused by some politicians of the right wing opposition to be the fifth column of the Direction – Social Democracy party. However when it became more probable that Most – Híd will succeed SMK as main representative of the Hungarian minority other right wing political parties changed their rhetoric.

Election manifesto 2010

The Most – Híd party manifesto for the general election of 2010 was carefully written  in  order  to  represent  a  program  of  cooperation and tolerance among Slovakia’s citizens, including minority groups. In the Most – Híd manifesto of 2010 tolerance and minority rights enjoyed special  importance  and  relevance.  It was  also  stressed  in the  document  that  there  is  not  just  one  minority  in  Slovakia,  but rather many of them, and that attention should be paid to each and every one. Of course Most – Híd could not ignore the issue of Slovak-Hungarian relations, and its manifesto fully addressed this topic. Instead of reciprocal attacks and tensions, it proposed true cooperation between the two countries in order to solve their disputes. Both should focus on the well being of Hungarian and Slovak minorities in their respective countries. In this respect we should also understand the support of the Most – Híd party for decentralization and regionalization.

Election manifesto 2012

The manifesto stresses Slovakia as an illustration of good coexistence of national minorities; multiculturalism is stressed positively in the manifesto. National minorities do not threat the national sovereignty and major nationality as well. Generally, the party supports wide discussion on national minorities’ demands. In this respect, party emphasizes socialization of excluded people. Contrary to parties, it is stressing national culture. Most support goes to education on human rights at  schools instead of education towards historical pride. However, the education on issue of national minorities should be strengthened. National minorities should have right to be educated in their mother tongue. Although the manifesto speaks for strengthening national minorities’ rights, generally, all nations and cultures in Slovakia should converge to each other, Roma minority indeed. However, the cultures should respect each other; the acceptance of minority culture should be strengthened. The manifesto is lacking deeper European or foreign policy commitment. The EU is stressed positively, even if the EU funds are too bureaucratic. One can get impression, that the party is national minority single issues party.