In 1993 the radical nationalist wing of MDF abound writer István Csurka was expelled from the then ruling party. In the same year Csurka and his followers formed a new party: MIÉP. It claimed to be the third way between left wing socialism and rightwing neo-liberalism. In its first general election the new party gained almost two percent of the votes. However, four years later MIÉP entered parliament when it secured 5.5% of the vote. It even beat MDF, which managed to attract less than 3% of the voters. In the new parliament MIÉP went into opposition when it was not invited into the government formed by Fidesz-MPP and other rightwing parties. After four years of parliamentary performance MIÉP failed to repeat its success and with 4.4 % was left outside parliament. For the next elections Csurka formed a coalition with other nationalist parties, among them Jobbik. However even this was not enough to gain more voters and the coalition did even worse than four years previously. The party has remained in the shadow of the younger and more active Jobbik since 2006, thus explaining why it did poorly in the last general election in 2010.
Election manifesto 2006
The MIÉP manifesto for the 2006 election was dominated by two complementary elements. The first of these elements was a nation-centric worldview. MIÉP translated every social or international issue into the perspective of nations. In its understanding nations were not just communities sharing a culture and a common language. Nations were transcendental entities which exist on their own and engage together in a natural struggle for resources and influence. In the case of Hungarian nation, MIÉP stressed its long tradition which goes back to the first Hungarian king Saint Stephan I. The manifesto also mentioned Mathias Corvinus, another Hungarian king who became the subject of popular legends and folk culture. MIÉP advocated a return to the values and spirit that these kings stand for. Hungarian national identity was forged by Christianity and European civilization. An important definitional feature of the nationalism presented in the examined manifesto is its partly racial character. European nations are described as white. After the Second World War the age of western domination in the world ended. The only power left – the United States – was captured by bankers and their interests. This situation led to the emergence of the coloured nations of Asia and Africa. In the opinion of MIÉP these nations will grow so rapidly that the west will eventually be flooded by them. The manifesto judged that a blending of the races and breeds will have a negative effect on Europe, once the flagship of civilization. For MIÉP, multi-cultural society has no culture at all, and that is why it leads to disorder. The second dominant feature of the 2006 MIÉP manifesto are conspiracy theories. The examined document often speaks of the modern colonization of Hungary. This colonization is seen in the dominance of foreign capital and its influence over Hungarian politics.