Communal elections that took place on November 15th, 2014 shed a different light on Marian Kotleba’s political triumph. It seems that he quickly failed to fulfill the expectations and hopes of his voters and his image is now, after almost a year in the governor’s seat, flawed by accusations of incompetency and nepotism. Obstructing of the flow of European funds into the region also contributed to his unpopularity. Kotleba’s insufficient political results and the inconsistency of his proposals and the political reality could have facilitated a rise of general distrust toward movements which define themselves as nationalist.
The failure of nationalist parties in the 2014 local elections is not only a problem of small, new, or overly radical subjects. Traditional, firm and institutionally anchored former “Moloch of Slovak nationalism”, Slovenská národná strana (SNS) declined too. Recent communal elections are no exception – while in 2010, SNS managed to gain 60 mayoral seats, this year it was 41. Number of SNS’s deputies has diminished as well, from 938 to 841. This calculation does not entail the candidates who were only partially supported by SNS. Taking these into account, it was from 196 to 151 for mayors and from 1265 to 1122 for deputies1. Decline in the latter numbers can be attributed to SNS’s failure in parliamentary election and generally diminished electorate, followed by considerable loss of institutional background. This appears to indicate that the nationalist parties cease to be attractive for voters who rather support SMER-SD (as in the case of Jozef Dvonč in Nitra) or independent candidates. Possible connections with nationalist organizations and their agenda are yet to be analyzed. Counting 1104 independent mayors and exactly 6000 deputies, this is far beyond the ambition of this paper.
The study covers all relevant far right political movements in Slovakia - their origins, strategies, and aims. This is given into context of the 2014 local elections. Why they did not use the opportunity to increase their representation? What was the role of "traditional parties"? Continue with reading in "downloads"