To full fill the project research goals, the country specific issues will reflect, how the parties politicise following national identity related issues. For each country up to 3 issues has been selected. They represent the political and societal state of each country. The data gathering will follow.
1. Roma and other national minorities living in the Czech Republic - in political and public debate one cannot agree if the Roma's status is social or ethnic issue
2. The final state of the European integration; should the Czech Republic join the Euro zone
3. Relations to Sudet Germans - how the history should be educated and transmitted
1. Strengthening of European identity and European integration process - changing national and European policy environment
2. Integration of migrants/immigrants (minorities) as part of the German society - the response of political parites' on the biggest political and societal challenge
3. Against racism, anti-Semitism, right-wing extremism and xenophobia - regarding to the NDP camps in eastern part of Germany, and so called NSU Process
1. Disapora politics with the ethnic Hungarians living in neighbouring countries (especially those in Rumania and Slovakia)
2. Roma and Sinti in Hungary
3. Anti-and Pro-European Union arguments/sentiments
4. Immigration and citizenship politics/policy = invitation of the ethnic Hungarians, whose native language is Hungarian to immigrate to Hungary and acquire (dual) citizenship even without HU residency.
1. Plane crash in Smoleńsk in order to show how this national tragedy has been played by different political options, this is a good example to show that after radical right has lost - PiS is radicalising is message
2. The role of the Church, and again important topic in domestic context for populist right to build the national identity on
and populist left (Palikot) to oppose it.
3. EU - national identity vs european identity in the message of PO and LPR, PiS
1. Slovaks as the constituting nation vs. national minorities (particularly Hungarians and Roma) - Minorities are perceived as a threat to various aspects of ethnic majority's dominant position: Hunagrians are construed as a threat to territorial and cultural (via asserting their language rights) integrity of Slovakia, Roma are construed as demographic threat, as a security threat (the construct of Roma criminality in opposition ot hardworking, law-abiding and tax-paying Slovaks) and as an economic threat.
2. Historical myths and traditions– particularly relevant for nation-building initiatives. The origins of Slovakia and Slovaks are traced back to the 9th century A.D. (Great Moravia) in which the so called Old Slovaks resided and founded the Great Moravia. It is thus construction of a common origin, historical and cultural legacy which, however, is not historically correct. Another aspect of this myth is the Christianity brought by missionaries Constantin and Method and the legacy of nationalist movement of the mid18th century (Ludovit Stur & co.)
3. Position of Slovakia in the international community – state representatives often construe Slovakia as a small nation who is being dictated rules by strong players and whose voice is not heard. Slovak nation is thus presented as a "victim" of world politics and economy who has to play by the powerful players' rules because they control the world's resources.